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BUSN 101: Creating and Growing Sustainable Ventures: Search Tips and Strategies

This guide provides links to Library resources.

Search Techniques

Connectors, or Boolean Operators, are words that combine concepts together in a search. These operators allow you to keep your search narrow ("AND"); keep your search broad ("OR"); or exclude words from your search ("NOT").


  • Oprah Winfrey AND leadership= This will give you results that includes both Oprah Winfrey and leadership.
  • Oprah Winfrey OR leadership=This will give you results that includes all the words.
  • Oprah Winfrey AND leadership NOT biography=This will give you results that include Oprah Winfrey and leadership but excludes biography. 

Quotations can be especially useful if you are searching for a phrase. This can also be useful if you are searching an exact match for a title of an article or book. If you don't use quotations the system (internet or library database) will look for each word individually. 




This technique is using the root or stem of a word and the search will bring back a variety of endings to the word.



rac*= race, races, racism, racial, racialized

educat*=educate, education, educated, educating

sustain*=sustain, sustains, sustainable, sustainability