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Citing Sources: Parts of a Citation

This guide covers various citations styles including MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian, as well as techniques to avoid plagiarism in your work.

The parts that make up a citation:


*Author(s) or Editor(s)

*Book Title


*Publication Date

 *Publisher & Place of Publication



*Article Title


*Page Numbers

*Periodical Title

*Publication Date

*Volume & Issue



*Webpage/article title


*Website title

*Creation/publication/revision date

*Date accessed

*URL (link) 

Examples of citations (in styles you may come across APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.):


Antonakis, J., Cianciolo, A. & Sternberg, R. (2004). The Nature of Leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.


Herkenhoff, Paulo. Biblioteca nacional: a história de uma coleção. Second ed. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Salamandra, 1996.


Articles (print journals):

Sadler, P.M., & Tai, R.H. (2007). Accounting for advanced high school coursework in college admissions decisions. College & University, 82(4), 7-14.


Lather, Patti. Research as Praxis. Harvard Educational Review. 56 (1986):257-277.

Articles (Online Journals found in databases):

Kurtén, Tage. "Introduction: Freedom of Religion in a New Millenium." Studia Theologica 54, no. 1 (June 2000): 1-4. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed October 12, 2010).

Gooch, Paul W. “Authority and Justification in Theological Ethics: A Study in I Corinthians 7.” The Journal of Religious Ethics 11, no. 1: (Spring, 1983): 62-74. "" to




Chevron. “Oil: Providing Energy for Progress.” Last modified March 2010.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. “Global hunger declining, but still unacceptably high: International hunger targets difficult to reach.” September 2010.